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Twentieth-Century Irish Literature (Readers"e; Guides to Essential . This Guide surveys existing criticism and theory, making clear the key critical debates, . This anthology traces the history of modern Irish literature from the revolutionary Twentieth-Century Irish Literature (Readers"e; Guides to Essential Criticism). Twentieth-Century Irish Literature (Readers"e; Guides to Essential Criticism).
More information about this seller Contact this seller 8. Published by Palgrave Macmillan About this Item: Palgrave Macmillan, What Eagleton refers to as "slow reading", after Nietzsche, seems horribly endangered as a human activity. He draws us back to basics here, in a sequence of sharp analyses, taking into account the essential aspects of intelligent reading. I love his breezy style, so accessible and concrete; yet he never sacrifices nuance or subtlety.
This is a book for every reader, not only beginners, yet it will prove immensely useful in the classroom. How to read How to Read Literature? Skip to main content. Description Reviews Table of Contents. It fizzles and explodes with ideas. Terry Eagleton is Distinguished Visiting Professor of English Literature at Lancaster University and the author of more than fifty books in the fields of literary theory, postmodernism, politics, ideology, and religion. Yet the image is so strong that the hard-headed and rational Karl Marx was betrayed into appealing to it in order to explain the continuing popularity of Greek art and mythology long after according to his own theories of culture's dependence on the economic base they should have been discarded.
Jupiter, as against the lightning conductor? And his answer is that the Greeks lived in the childhood of mankind. Now this concept implies the unfolding, or working out, of something that was present from the beginning.
What might this be charity, courage, intelligence, aesthetic sensibility? Were these always present in mankind? Are they noticeably more evident today than ever before? Not obviously so. Since Darwin, development has frequently been understood in the form of evolution. The theory implies a process of increasing complexity, 17 See ch. Also Prawer , pp. Many nineteenth-century thinkers hastened to apply Darwin's ideas to society, and to attempt to trace 'the survival of the fittest' in the story of mankind.
Unfortunately this often led to a very inferior position being allotted to some usually coloured peoples and the top place awarded to the whites, or even only to Anglo-Saxons.
The echoes of this racism long stained both literature and politics; nor was history free from shame. What has most conspicuously evolved is technology. As for 'the survival of the fittest', this notion should as Karl Popper suggests be applied to our ideas. Let them contend without privilege or prejudice in open and fair fight, and may the best one win. Thus we may hope to make progress and at the same time stop killing people. Is the story of mankind one of steady advance, as many have believed?
Progress implies improvement getting better. But 'better' in what sense? If history is the story of progress, does that mean that all things have improved? Or only some? If only some, have the improvements outweighed the deteriorations? Has the improvement been continuous, or in halts and leaps? Have there been backslidings? Has the improvement been everywhere, or only in some places?
If the past is a progress, is that due to the efforts of man? Or to a supernatural force God, Fate, the Absolute? Assuming progress does occur, is it inevitable?
Galway, Ireland Seller Rating:. According to Morrison, a "general spirit of reverence toward the past helped Heaney resolve some of his awkwardness about being a writer: he could serve his own community by preserving in literature its customs and crafts, yet simultaneously gain access to a larger community of letters. Types of Essays A brief guide to various types of essays, including persuasive, descriptive, and narrative essays. Women, Art and Power and Other Essays. By borrowing from and incorporating the non-written oral traditions and folk life of the African diaspora , African-American literature broke "the mystique of connection between literary authority and patriarchal power. Phrases from William Shakespeare Includes phrase and quoted text from the plays. Read More.
Or the result of good fortune? Above all, will it continue?
It is worth asking such questions because, as one historian believes, 'the idea of progress is, in this modern age, one of the most important ideas by which men live. What of the environment? Is that more or less polluted after fifty centuries of history? What of literature? What of morality? Has there been notable advance upon the teachings of Christ, or even upon those of the Hebrew prophets, of Gautama Buddha, Zoroaster or Confucius several centuries before him?
Let us suppose that you wish to establish the fact of progress in one particular field over a stated period. These problems will confront you: an agreed interpretation of the evidence; the possibility of comparison; perhaps the establishment of valid statistical series; the determination of the beliefs, values and expectations of various groups of people; the evaluation of particular achievements and states of affairs; the balances of 19 See, for example, C.
Parker , ch. Progress cannot be taken for granted.